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AYAT HUKUM TENTANG HAK DAN KEWAJIBAN SUAMI ISTERI

(QS. An-Nisa’: 34 dan QS. At Tahrim : 6)

Syarifah Aini, S.Ag., M.H.I.

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Abstract

Allah SWT telah menciptakan manusia sebagai makluk yang paling sempurna dan juga sebagai khalifah di muka bumi, manusia mempunya beban tanggung jawab untuk mematuhi ketentuan-ketentuan yang telah ditetapkan baik melalui firman-Nya maupun memalui hadist RasulNya. Salah satu ketentuan Allah SWT adalah tentang pernikahan dan tanggung jawab yang timbul akibat adanya pernikahan tersebut, yaitu adanya hak-hak dan kewajiban sebagai konsekwensi yang harus ditanggung dan dilaksanakan oleh masing-masing pasangan atau suami isteri dalam berumah tangga. Hak dan kewajiban tersebut salah satunya adalah masalah nafkah dari suami. Dalam hal ini Ulama sepakat bahwa perkawinan merupakan salah satu sebab yang mewajibkan pemberian nafkah, seperti halnya dengan kekerabatan. Dalam tatanan kehidupan berumah tangga pada abad modern ini hak dan kewajiban yang diemban oleh pasangan suami istri tidak bisa terlepas dari norma-norma dan nilai sosial yang ada di masyarakat, terlebih lagi banyak perempuan (isteri) yang juga ikut bekerja dan menjalani karir di luar rumah Berdasarkan permasalahan ini, penulis akan membahas tentang hak-hak dan kewajiban suami isteri yang berfokus pada suami istri dengan keadaan istri juga ikut bekerja di luar rumah, dikaitkan dengan penafsiran ayat ayat hukum tentang hak dan kewajiban dibatasi dengan Qur’an Surat An Nisa’ ayat 34 dan Surat At Tahrim ayat 6.

Kata kunci : Hak dan Kewajiban suami isteri, QS. An-Nisa’:34, Qs. At Tahrim :6.

Abstrak

Allah SWT has created humans as the most perfect creatures and also as caliphs on earth, humans have the burden of responsibility to comply with the provisions that have been set both through His word and through the hadith of His Messenger. One of the provisions of Allah SWT is about marriage and the responsibilities that arise as a result of the marriage, namely the existence of rights and obligations as a consequence that must be borne and carried out by each couple or husband and wife in a household. One of these rights and obligations is the issue of living from the husband. In this case, scholars agree that marriage is one of the reasons that obliges the provision of a living, as is the case with kinship. In the order of married life in this modern century, the rights and obligations carried out by married couples cannot be separated from the social norms and values that exist in society, moreover, many women (wives) also work and have careers outside the home. Based on this problem, The author will discuss the rights and obligations of husband and wife which focuses on husband and wife with the condition of the wife also working outside the home, associated with the interpretation of legal verses regarding rights and obligations are limited to the Qur'an Surah An Nisa' verse 34 and Surah At Tahrim verse 6

Keywords: Rights and Obligations Of husband and wife, Qur'an Surah An Nisa' verse 34, Surah At Tahrim verse 6 .

 

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